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Malcolm X

  • کد خبر : 889
  • ۰۱ تیر ۱۳۹۶ - ۲۳:۰۴

Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl’s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white […]

Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl’s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the family to relocate twice before Malcolm’s fourth birthday.

Regardless of the Little’s efforts to elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl’s body was found lying across the town’s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages.

Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm “Shorty” Jarvis, moved back to Boston. In 1946, they were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years.

Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education. It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm’s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the Nation of Islam (NOI).

Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success. Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. By the time he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the new surname “X” (He considered “Little” a slave name and chose the “X” to signify his lost tribal name.).

Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem. Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and television, to communicate the NOI’s message across the United States. His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963.

The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. The program explored the fundamentals of the NOI, and tracked Malcolm’s emergence as one of its most important leaders. After the special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. In addition to the media, Malcolm’s vivid personality had captured the government’s attention. As membership in the NOI continued to grow, FBI agents infiltrated the organization (one even acted as Malcolm’s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and other surveillance equipment to monitor the group’s activities.
Malcolm’s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the civil rights movement in 1963. He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of these relationships had resulted in children.

Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in 1958. Malcolm refused Muhammad’s request to help cover up the affairs and subsequent children. He was deeply hurt by Muhammad’s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore.

Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. “[Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon,” said Malcolm. After the statement, Elijah Muhammad “silenced” Malcolm for 90 days. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the NOI. Unable to look past Muhammad’s deception, Malcolm decided to found his own religious organization, the Muslim Mosque, Inc.

That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him. For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive. When he returned, Malcolm said he had met “blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.” He returned to the United States with a new outlook on integration and a new hope for the future. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to African-Americans, he had a message for all races.

After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the two had become increasingly volatile. FBI informants working undercover in the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for assassination–one undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in Malcolm’s car.

After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty, and their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury.

One week later, however, Malcolm’s enemies were successful in their ruthless attempt. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage. They shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at New York’s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital.

Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm’s funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ (now Child’s Memorial Temple Church of God in Christ). After the ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves.

Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters.

Malcolm’s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of first-degree murder in March 1966. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X’s legacy has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books, and movies. A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design.

This is an adventure in the opinion of analysts

Although it was entirely foreseeable that the FBI dreaded grid would certainly not accept the presence of Malcolm Shabaz at this seminar because of the terrible blow of propaganda on the Zionist body of Hollywood, and in any way to the anti-Zionist and media charisma figures of the program Operate. Now, the martyr Shabaz’s sin should add to the tendency towards Shiite Islam.

The arrival of Shahid Shabaz in Tehran was equal to his recognition in the world media and the hardening of his physical removal, which is why the wild boar of the twenty-first century has given a great opportunity to the young American Muslim scholar who inherited the spirit of struggle from his grandfather. They did not give it.

American psychologist Dr. Kevin Brett has been discussing the Press TV network, which is very effective in clarifying the subject.

Kevin Bert says: I hoped that Malcolm Abbase would finally meet in Tehran’s Hollywood conference in February. But national security had other thoughts. Malcolm was arrested by the Federal Police (FBI) while he was planning to fly to Tehran. There was never any explanation for this arrest.

Pointing to the danger of martyr Shabaz for the American arrogance system, Malcolm Shabaz changed his name to Shiite Islam and became one of the “Axis of Resistance” spokesmen not only anti-Zionist forces in the Middle East but also the spokesman for anti-imperialist forces throughout the world. have been. Like her grandfather, when she was young, she had a series of offending laws, and, like her grandfather, was on the path to abandoning her past and becoming a charismatic spokesman for the poorest of the world.

“I have been studying these assassinations for many years,” said the American Islamist. The result I received is that the killers of imperialism make a list of their enemies and then decide which of them is a serious and serious threat.

He cites the history of the martyr Shabiz’s grandfather’s campaign and continues: Malcolm Shabaz’s assassination from the perspective of his alleged killers. From their point of view, he apparently was continuing his grandfather’s path and path. If they were more likely to wait and allow him to upgrade their reputation as a respected activist, scapegoating a simple murder and then publishing media ads about his alleged abuses during his adolescence and that he was “just a mob” It was hard work. If they were to wait until the book was finished and then released, his assassination seemed suspicious if they were waiting to be famous and influential as their grandfather, they probably had a major problem with their hands.

Jamal Taheri, director of the Islamic Association of Martyrs Edoardo Ananioli, Department of the Recruiting of the International Qur’an Exhibition, said that the US fears of the establishment of Seyed Hassan Nasrallah in North America and the spread of Islamist Islam in the United States led to such an action.

Mansour Haghighatpour, vice chairman of the National Security Commission, said: “The issue of human rights is a tool in the hands of the Western governments, especially the Americans, who, wherever they are in the middle of their interests, use this tool well for their own benefit. The case turns out to be the opposite, wherever they are.

It is natural that this is Malcolm Abbase’s assassination, and they do not allow this kind of news to be released in the world. He added that all of the media and virtual capacities of the world are not at the disposal of Americans; Iran and other countries should have a voice with all their media capacity, such as news stories, news of Malcolm Shabaz’s martyrdom and the issue of American-style human rights. And put it at the disposal of the world.

Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.

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